Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on TelevisionTalk about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual.

Same-sex intimate behavior

Every 2-minute period that were coded as containing one or more sort of sexual intercourse tracked in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 had been also examined for the existence of same-sex intimate behavior. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted into the period happened between two different people for the exact same intercourse.

Speak about nonheterosexual sexual problems

Each interval that is 2-minute was coded as containing a minumum of one instance of talk through the intimate talk groups found in the primary coding task ( ag e.g., feedback about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, explore sexual activity that includes currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) had been additionally coded for whether some of the intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals. With this product, programmers once once once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual talk reflected the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual people. Frequently, such responses pertaining to gays and lesbians, although sometimes they certainly were related to bisexuals.

Intimate commentary involving homosexual and lesbian recommendations can have purposes apart from portraying the intimate issues of those teams such as for instance usage by right figures to reaffirm their heterosexuality or to tease someone else. Hence, criteria were founded to ensure this product had been coded “yes” for an period only if speak about intercourse involving nonheterosexual references really addressed sexual problems of gays, lesbians, or bisexuals; otherwise, the responses had been coded within their appropriate intimate talk category but did not count toward a yes reaction with this item. For instance, if a character that is male to protect his present dating dry spell and not enough sex-life by asserting, “Well, it is not like i am homosexual; i simply have not met the best girl!” such a comment could have been coded in the primary coding task when you look at the intimate talk category “own/others’ intimate passions or actions” because he produced mention of their sexual fascination with females, nevertheless the mention of perhaps maybe maybe not being homosexual will never have counted toward a confident reaction to the product on speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems.

System Coding

Coder training

When it comes to year that is first content analysis, 16 pupils (10 females, 6 men) from neighborhood universities served as programmers; when you look at the 2nd 12 months, 13 programmers (8 females, 5 men) who have been either present university students or current graduates carried out this content coding. Six for the programmers labored on both content analyses. The stages of coder training included orientation towards the coding task and codebook, big team coding of shows perhaps not within the test with supervisors, last but not least specific coding of training programs where programmers evaluated shows separately after which talked about the outcomes period by period in regular conferences. Initial dependability analyses had been carried out on information gathered through the specific training phase of training to ascertain when coders could continue because of the coding task that is actual. The dependability analyses presented below, nevertheless, relate solely to assessments of coder contract acquired through the coding of a subset of programs within the program examples.

Coding procedures

Programmers watched sequential 2-minute periods of system some time coded the existence or lack of intimate behavior and speak about sex linked to nonheterosexuals. Since the coding had been restricted to system content and excluded commercials and other promotions, programmers utilized kitchen area timers in addition to counters regarding the videocassette recorders to trace 2-minute intervals of system time. Programmers recorded data on scannable kinds for every period because they viewed it. Although programmers had been permitted to carry information forward (i.e., use information presented in previous periods to know this content in subsequent people), these people were perhaps maybe not permitted to rule backwards (for example., use information learned later in system to return and alter the coding in an early on period). All opening credits and people shutting credits associated with content through the present episode (i.e., one last scene) had been coded.

Interrater Reliability Analyses

Around 11 to 12percent regarding the shows within the system examples (letter = 157 and n = 154 when it comes to very very very first and content that is second, correspondingly) had been randomly assigned to two programmers for separate coding and dependability assessment. After both programmers’ information have been recorded and analyzed for reliability purposes, the programmers then came across to eliminate any xxxstreams sex chat discrepancies into the two sets of reviews and create a last pair of reviews for the show that has been utilized in information analyses for the whole system test. Assessment of dependability had been carried out for a basis that is ongoing the 4 to 5 months it took coders to accomplish the whole system test every year. Programs out of each and every genre and each system kind were contained in the dependability analyses. Genres were represented within the double-coded examples in approximate percentage with their representation into the program that is overall.

For purposes of dependability evaluation, the amount of 2-minute periods coded for every adjustable linked to intimate minorities ended up being summed across the periods in a episode to assess the regularity with which same-sex intimate behavior and speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems took place within each system episode. This summing led to converting nominal data (i.e., presence/absence) in the 2-minute-interval degree into regularity counts during the system degree (wide range of periods for which same-sex intimate behavior happened in the episode). Consequently, the dependability analyses utilized the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation of this proportion of variance within the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for opportunity. For period information for instance the regularity matters utilized right here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 had been utilized once the criterion for appropriate dependability. Both things utilized to measure the presence of nonheterosexual themes significantly exceeded this criterion. The ICC for same-sex intimate behavior ended up being .97 in 12 months 1 and .99 in 12 months 2. The ICC for mention nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas had been .89 in 12 months 1 and .95 in 12 months 2.

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